Beat the Heat: Dehydration and Heat Stroke
-The most vulnerable are the elderly, infants & children, athletes and those living at high altitudes.
-Dehydration can be mild, moderate or severe.
-Symptoms vary based on the severity of dehyration and include dry mouth, thirst, weakness, dizziness, headache, decreased urination, muscle cramps, fever, low blood pressure, rapid heart beat, irritability, and confusion.
Here are some important tips on how to beat the summer heat and prevent dehydration.
2) Wear loose light-colored clothes, preferably cotton. Dark clothing absorbs more heat, and tight clothes don’t let sweat evaporate (which helps with cooling).
3) Avoid alcohol and caffeine. They both are diuretics and dehydrate your body cells.
4) Restrict high sugar drinks like sodas or fruit juices. Dilute fruit juice to reduce sugar intake.
5) Stay indoors (specially between 10am to 4pm) to avoid sun exposure and reduce fluid loss from excessive sweating.
6) Eat more fresh fruits, vegetables and salads.These are great sources of water to stay hydrated.
7) Avoid high-protein diet. Our body has to use more water to flush out the nitrogen in protein. If you need to maintain a high protein diet then increase your water intake as well.
Dr. Mahesh Ochaney is a solo practitioner who has been practicing Internal Medicine since 1991. Dr. Ochaney’s compassionate primary care has been recognized several times over the years, including being named a 2018 Top Doctor by Baltimore Magazine and receiving a State of Maryland Governor’s Citation.